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Standard Abbreviations

Australia has the pleasure of having its own patterns as well as using patterns from many other countries including the USA and UK. That can lead to confusion regarding abbreviations used, as different countries use different terms. 

This is by no means an exhaustive list but is what Ecoyarns use for their patterns and kits.

Please contact us if there is any queries or an abbreviation to add to this list.

Abbreviations Description
[ ] work instructions within brackets as many times as directed
( ) work instructions within parentheses in the place directed
* * repeat instructions following the asterisks as directed
* repeat instructions following the single asterisk as directed
" inch(es)
alt alternate
approx approximately
beg begin/beginning
bet between
BO Bind off/Cast off
CA color A
CB color B
CC contrasting color
cm centimeter(s)
cn cable needle
CO cast on
cont continue
dec decrease/decreases/decreasing
dpn double pointed needle(s)
fl front loop(s)
foll follow/follows/following
g gram
inc increase/increases/increasing
k or K knit
k2tog knit 2 stitches together
kwise knitwise
LH left hand
lp(s) loop(s)
m meter(s)
M1 make one stitch
M1 p-st make one purl stitch
MC main color
mm millimeter(s)
p or P purl
pat(s) or patt pattern(s)
pm place marker
pop popcorn
p2tog purl 2 stitches together
prev previous
psso pass slipped stitch over
pwise purlwise
rem remain/remaining
rep repeat(s)
rev St st reverse stockinette stitch
RH right hand
rnd(s) round(s)
RS right side
sk skip
skp slip1, knit 1, pass stitch over—one stitch decreased
sk2p slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over the knit 2 together; 2 stitches have been decreased
sl slip
sl1k slip 1 knitwise
sl1p slip 1 purlwise
sl st slip stitch(es)
ss slip stitch (Canadian)
ssk slip, slip, knit these 2 stiches together—a decrease
sssk slip, slip, slip, knit 3 stitches together
st(s) stitch(es)
St st stockinette stitch/stocking stitch
tbl through back loop
tog together
WS wrong side
wyib with yarn in back
wyif with yarn in front
yd(s) yard(s)
yfwd yarn forward
yo yarn over
yrn yarn around needle